Our expert authors combine facts, perspective, new ideas, analysis, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable. It was the study of gravity that led Einstein to his profound realisations about the nature of space and time. Gravity is not only universal, it is also essential for understanding the behaviour of the Universe, and all astrophysical bodies within it.

In this very short introduction Timothy Clifton looks at the development of our understanding of gravity since the early observations of Kepler and Newtonian theory. Understanding gravity is not only essential for understanding the motion of objects on Earth, but also the motion of all celestial objects, and even the expansion of the Universe itself.

Gravity: A Very Short Introduction Very Short Introductions #ad - Clifton concludes by considering the testing and application of general relativity in astrophysics and cosmology, and looks at dark energy and efforts such as stringtheory to combine gravity with quantum mechanics. About the series: the very short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area.

Today, almost 100 years after Einstein published his theory of gravity, we have even detected the waves of gravitational radiation that he predicted.

# Relativity: A Very Short Introduction Very Short Introductions Book 190

OUP Oxford #ad - And that was just the Special Theory. Our comforting newtonian ideas of space and time were replaced by bizarre and counterintuitive conclusions: if you move at high speed, time slows down, space squashes up and you get heavier; travel fast enough and you could weigh as much as a jumbo jet, be squashed thinner than a CD without feeling a thing - and live for ever.. Using very little mathematics, from e=mc2 to black holes, Russell Stannard explains the important concepts of relativity, and explores the theory's impact on science and on our understanding of the universe. About the series: the very short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area.

Relativity: A Very Short Introduction Very Short Introductions Book 190 #ad - Our expert authors combine facts, perspective, new ideas, analysis, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. With the general theorycame even stranger ideas of curved space-time, and changed our understanding of gravity and the cosmos.

This authoritative and entertaining Very Short Introduction makes the theory of relativity accessible and understandable. 100 years ago, einstein's theory of relativity shattered the world of physics.

# Quantum Theory: A Very Short Introduction Very Short Introductions Book 69

OUP Oxford #ad - Quantum theory is the most revolutionary discovery in physics since Newton. The main text makes no use of equations, but there is a Mathematical Appendix for those desiring stronger fare. Uncertainty, probabilistic physics, complementarity, the problematic character of measurement, and decoherence are among the many topics discussed.About the series: the very short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. Our expert authors combine facts, new ideas, perspective, analysis, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly.

Quantum Theory: A Very Short Introduction Very Short Introductions Book 69 #ad - This book gives a lucid, exciting, and accessible account of the surprising and counterintuitive ideas that shape our understanding of the sub-atomic world. It does not disguise the problems of interpretation that still remain unsettled 75 years after the initial discoveries.

# Light: A Very Short Introduction Very Short Introductions

OUP Oxford #ad - These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. But the light we see is just a small part of the whole spectrum of electromagnetic radiation, ranging from radio waves to gamma rays. In this very short introduction ian walmsley discusses early attempts to explain light, and the development of apparently opposing particulate and wave theories by scientists such as Isaac Newton and Christiaan Huygens.This almost universal shared sensation of vision has led to a fascination with the nature and properties of light across the ages. He also describes the many applications of light, DVDs, domestic and scientific, such asmicrowaves, and lasers. We now use the whole range of electromagnetic radiation to peer both into the human body and deep into space.

. Our sense of sight provides us with direct information about space and time, the physical arrangement of the world, and how it changes. He shows how light was recognized as an electromagnetic wave in the 19th century, and the development of the quantum mechanics view of wave-particle duality in the 20th century.

Light: A Very Short Introduction Very Short Introductions #ad - Light enables us to see the world around us. Turning to the future of optics, Walmsley concludes by looking at some of the most exciting new developments using quantum light sources in communications and computing. About the series: the very short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area.

Our expert authors combine facts, new ideas, perspective, analysis, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

# Astrophysics: A Very Short Introduction Very Short Introductions

OUP Oxford #ad - These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, new ideas, perspective, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable . It enables us to understand the structure and evolution of planetary systems, interstellar gas, galaxies, stars, and the cosmos as a whole.In this very short introduction, combined with the rapid advance of computing power, the leading astrophysicist James Binney shows how the field of astrophysics has expanded rapidly in the past century, with vast quantities of data gathered by telescopes exploiting all parts of the electromagnetic spectrum, which has allowed increasingly effective mathematical modelling.

Astrophysics: A Very Short Introduction Very Short Introductions #ad - Astrophysics is the physics of the stars, and more widely the physics of the Universe. He illustrates how the application of fundamental principles of physics - the consideration of energy and mass, andmomentum - and the two pillars of relativity and quantum mechanics, has provided insights into phenomena ranging from rapidly spinning millisecond pulsars to the collision of giant spiral galaxies.

This is a clear, rigorous introduction to astrophysics for those keen to cut their teeth on a conceptualtreatment involving some mathematics. About the series: the very short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area.

# Particle Physics: A Very Short Introduction Very Short Introductions Book 109

OUP Oxford #ad - He concludes by looking ahead to newideas about the mystery of antimatter, the number of dimensions that there might be in the universe, and to what the next 50 years of research might reveal. About the series: the very short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area.Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. In this compelling introduction to the fundamental particles that make up the universe, electrons, Frank Close takes us on a journey into the atom to examine known particles such as quarks, and the ghostly neutrino.

Particle Physics: A Very Short Introduction Very Short Introductions Book 109 #ad - Along the way he provides fascinating insights into how discoveries in particle physics have actually been made, and discusses how our picture of the world has been radically revised in the light of these developments.

# Magnetism: A Very Short Introduction Very Short Introductions

OUP Oxford #ad - For centuries magnetism has been used for various exploits; through compasses it gave us navigation and through motors, generators, and turbines it has given us power. Blundell explains why. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Blundell explores our understanding of electricity and magnetism, Faraday, Ampere, from the work of Galvani, and goes on to explore how Maxwell and Faraday's work led to the unification of electricity and magnetism, and Tesla, thought of as one of themost imaginative developments in theoretical physics.With a discussion of the relationship between magnetism and relativity, quantum magnetism, and its impact on computers and information storage, Blundell shows how magnetism has changed our fundamental understanding of the Universe. About the series: the very short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area.

Magnetism: A Very Short Introduction Very Short Introductions #ad - Why are its mysterious important to solve?In this Very Short Introduction, Stephen J. Magnetism is a strange force, mysteriously attracting one object to another apparently through empty space. It has been claimed as a great healer, with magnetic therapies being proposed over the centuries and still popular today.

Our expert authors combine facts, perspective, analysis, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

# Black Holes: A Very Short Introduction Very Short Introductions

OUP Oxford #ad - Black holes are a constant source of fascination to many due to their mysterious nature. Our expert authors combine facts, perspective, analysis, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly.In this very short introduction, katherine blundell addresses a variety of questions, including what a black hole actually is, how they are characterized and discovered, and what would happen if you came too close to one. She explains how black holes form and grow - by stealing material that belongs to stars, as well as how many there may be in the Universe.

Black Holes: A Very Short Introduction Very Short Introductions #ad - She also explores the large black holes found in the centres of galaxies, and how black holes give rise to quasars and other spectacular phenomena in the cosmos. About the series: the very short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area.

# Nothing: A Very Short Introduction Very Short Introductions

OUP Oxford #ad - He takes the reader on a lively and accessible history through ancient ideas and cultural superstitions to the frontiers of current research. These new discoveries may provide answers to some of cosmology's most fundamental questions: what lies outside the universe, if there was once nothing, and, then how did the universe begin?ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area.These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. What is 'nothing'? what remains when you take all the matter away? can empty space - a void - exist? This Very Short Introduction explores the science and the history of the elusive void: from Aristotle who insisted that the vacuum was impossible, via the theories of Newton and Einstein, to our very latest discoveries and why they can tell us extraordinary things about the cosmos.

Nothing: A Very Short Introduction Very Short Introductions #ad - Frank close tells the story of how scientists have explored the elusive void, and the rich discoveries that they have made there. He describes how scientists discovered that the vacuum is filled with fields; how Newton, Mach, and Einstein grappled with the nature of space and time; and how the mysterious 'aether' that was long ago supposed to permeatethe void may now be making a comeback with the latest research into the 'Higgs field'.

We now know that the vacuum is far from being empty - it seethes with virtual particles and antiparticles that erupt spontaneously into being, and it also may contain hidden dimensions that we were previously unaware of. Our expert authors combine facts, new ideas, perspective, analysis, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

# Nuclear Physics: A Very Short Introduction Very Short Introductions

OUP Oxford #ad - Nuclear physics began long before the identification of fundamental particles, with J. J. Our expert authors combine facts, new ideas, analysis, perspective, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly.Exploring key concepts such as the stability of different configurations of protons and neutrons in nuclei, Frank Close shows how nuclear physics brings the physics of the stars to Earth and provides us with important applications, particularly in medicine. About the series: the very short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area.

Nuclear Physics: A Very Short Introduction Very Short Introductions #ad - In this very short introduction frank close gives an account of how this area of physics has progressed, including the recognition of how heavy nuclei are built up in the cores of stars and in supernovae, the identificationof quarks and gluons, and the development of quantum chromodynamics QCD. Thomson's discovery of the electron at the end of the 19th century, which implied the existence of a positive charge in the atom to make it neutral.

# The Laws of Thermodynamics: A Very Short Introduction Very Short Introductions

OUP Oxford #ad - These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. From the sudden expansion of a cloud of gas or the cooling of a hot metal, to the unfolding of a thought in our minds and even the course of life itself, everything is governed by the four Laws of Thermodynamics. These are not merely abstract ideas: they govern our lives.In this concise and compelling introduction Atkins paints a lucid picture of the four elegant laws that, between them, drive the Universe. About the series: the very short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. Using the minimum of mathematics, he introduces concepts such as entropy, free energy, and to the brink and beyond of the absolute zero temperature.

The Laws of Thermodynamics: A Very Short Introduction Very Short Introductions #ad - Our expert authors combine facts, new ideas, perspective, analysis, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable. These laws specify the nature of 'energy' and 'temperature', and are soon revealed to reach out and define the arrow of time itself: why things change and why death must come.

In this very short introduction Peter Atkins explains the basis and deeper implications of each law, highlighting their relevance in everyday examples.